Museo della Repubblica Romana e della memoria garibaldina

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Explore the museum

The tour stretches through the four floors of the building, exploring the historical events of the Roman Republic and the Garibaldine tradition. It is divided into sections where multimedia and traditional historical materials introduce the topic of the room.
With the help of interactive maps and pictures, films, videos and models, accompanying paintings, prints and memorabilia, you can recall the places, times and the main protagonists of the events of those years, from the 1848 risings to Pius IX’s liberal papacy, from the pope’s flight to Gaeta to the proclamation of the Roman Republic and the promulgation of the Constitution, and ultimately to its tragic conclusion with the French siege that led to the end of this experience.

Pius IX's policy and reforms

The election of Pius IX, born Giovanni Maria Mastai Ferretti, the papal throne on June 16, 1846, gave a great impetus to the reform movement. The new Pope (born in Senigallia in 1792) was welcomed by moderate-liberal circles because he had expressed sympathy for Vincenzo Gioberti’s neo-Guelph project, and because he granted a general amnesty in July. During 1847, Pius IX continued his policy of reform with the introduction of freedom of the press, the establishment of a secular Commission, a Civic Guard and a Council of Ministers. When he uttered the “Benedite gran Dio l’Italia” speech on February 10, 1848, “Viva Pio IX” became the watchword of the national moderate movement. By then he began to disengage himself from it, and reinforcing the concept of the supranational papacy, refused to contribute troops to the first Italian war of independence. This episode meant the end of the neo-Guelph myth and deprived the Catholic clergy of the linking function between the working class and the Italian cause.

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