Museo della Repubblica Romana e della memoria garibaldina

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Home > Explore the museum > The Constitution of the Roman Republic
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Explore the museum

The tour stretches through the four floors of the building, exploring the historical events of the Roman Republic and the Garibaldine tradition. It is divided into sections where multimedia and traditional historical materials introduce the topic of the room.
With the help of interactive maps and pictures, films, videos and models, accompanying paintings, prints and memorabilia, you can recall the places, times and the main protagonists of the events of those years, from the 1848 risings to Pius IX’s liberal papacy, from the pope’s flight to Gaeta to the proclamation of the Roman Republic and the promulgation of the Constitution, and ultimately to its tragic conclusion with the French siege that led to the end of this experience.

The Constitution of the Roman Republic

The Constitution may be considered the seal of the Republic: it was proclaimed on the Capitoline hill on July 3, 1849, when the French troops had already occupied Rome. This is a comprehensive and well-balanced text, which owes much of its inspiration to Mazzini and the democratic tradition stemming from the French Revolution. It was written by a commission which included, among others, Quirico Filopanti, Giuseppe Galletti, Enrico Cernuschi, Cesare Agostini, but not Giuseppe Mazzini who was more for a declaration of intent more than a constitutional text. Of the fundamental principles that underlie the Constitution, two stand out in particular: the third, which established a social commitment to the improvement of moral and material conditions of all citizens, and the seventh, which reiterated the principle of the separation between church and state. The fourth principle, clearly inspired by Mazzini, stated that "the Republic recognizes all people as brothers, respects all nationalities, and fights for Italy."
This constitution, wrote Bolton King, an English commentator, " brought a new era to Rome, but bravery and wisdom were unavailing, and the city was forced back.

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