During the dramatic events of the spring and early summer of 1849, when the French troops attacked the Roman Republic for a whole month, Porta San Pancrazio played a major role in the desperate defence of Rome led by Giuseppe Garibaldi.
In memory of that heroic resistance, for which men such as Emilio Dandolo, Luciano Manara, Goffredo Mameli gave their lives, for the 150th anniversary of the
The restoration involved all the internal and external walls in travertine, brickwork and plaster, with the revival of the nineteenth century colourings. Particular attention was given to the monumental coat of arms and one of the four wooden doors of the old city, already restored in 1976.
Although the building, an access gate through defensive walls, was equipped with rooms used for military
Busts, paintings, carvings and relics of the Garibaldini, as well as a scale model and a rich media unit, guide the visitor to discover the places, dates and the main protagonists of those years of great political ferment. It is possible to look back at the events that led, from the European uprisings of 1848 and through the liberal papacy of Pius IX, to the pope’s flight to Gaeta and the proclamation of the Roman Republic until its tragic end in July 1849.